Appel à communication |

From Peasant Innovation to a model of Milk specialization under the Green Revolution: Twentieth Century Europe

Santiago de Compostela, December 15th 2017

MàJ : 21/02/2017

GDRI Agriculture, Approvisionnement, Alimentation

Deadline: 30 June 2017. Abstract submissions to histagra@usc.es

Organized by Lourenzo Fernández Prieto and Daniel Lanero (HISTAGRA Research Group – Universidade de Santiago de Compostela)


At the end of Second World War cattle breeding went through a deep crisis in Western Europe, caused both by war destructions and contractions in international trade that severely affected feedstuff importations. Likewise, the presence of animal products (meat, milk, eggs…) in the diet of European population was far away from prewar levels.
Cattle breeding and beef consumption began to recover at the beginning of the 50’s, coinciding with the ongoing replacement of draught animals by tractors as superior force in the European farms.


In this framework the beginning of a new model of agrarian innovation, truly different from that one prevailing during the first three decades of twenty century, took place. Its main objective was to guarantee the food supply of a growing urban population. This could partly explain the emphasis on milk specialization.


The Green Revolution forced the farms to incorporate technological innovations on a large scale: purchase of selected breed specimens with high production capacities (milk); artificial insemination; mechanical milking circuits; ensilage, etc.


It’s impossible to understand the milk specialization process of Atlantic cattle breeding without taking into account the great changes in the households required by the Green Revolution cattle breeding model: increases in the area of plots and reduction of the total number of them; an ever growing number

of stabled animals, etc. Nor without an increasing dependence on inputs from out of the farm: motorization (tractors, mechanical ensilage…); feedstuffs; refrigeration tanks; new farm buildings, like bigger stables or milking rooms; antibiotics for the fight against animal diseases, etc.


In this context agro - industry emerged as the actor which led the milk specialization process and monopolized the mediation between breeders and their markets. Public policies (rural electrification, new roads and motorways, agricultural extension services) turned into subsidiary actions of agro – industrial interests, usually represented by multinational companies.


According to the industrial rationality of intensive cattle breeding, breeders were transformed into salaried employees. Technical training policies set aside for them, were designed, in fact, to transform them in efficient actors for the running of a complex productive system.
On the other hand, scientists and technicians - as key agents for the implementation of development and modernization policies - swung in their action between mediation and imposition.


Researchers interested in presenting a paper at this conference should send an abstract and a title before 30 June 2017 to HISTAGRA (histagra@usc.es)

EHESS
CNRS

flux rss  Actualités

Deux projets franco-allemands lauréats de l’ANR DFG

Échos de la recherche -L’Agence nationale de la recherche et la Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ont publié la liste des projets lauréats pour l’édition 2016 de l’appel à projets franco-allemand en sciences humaines et sociales. Parmi les 13 projets financés, 2 projets sont coordonnés par l’EHESS.Rachida Chih Faulks (CETOBAC - UMR 8032) et  Prof. Dr. Stefan Reichmuth (Ruhr-universität Bochum) réaliseront avec leurs équipes le projet intitulé La Présence du Prophète : Muhammad au miroir de sa(...)

- Lire la suite

Joseph Wulf : un historien juif polonais en RFA. Savoir du témoin, engagement de l’historien, écriture de l’histoire

Journée(s) d'étude - Vendredi 16 février 2018 - 09:00Survivant de la Shoah en Pologne, Joseph Wulf (1912-1974) est l'un de ces premiers historiens de la Catastrophe dont l’œuvre demeure trop méconnue.  Après avoir été membre de la Commission historique juive de Cracovie (1944-47), il émigra à Paris puis s’installa en RFA en 1952, où il vécut jusqu’à son suicide en 1974. À travers la publication d’anthologies de documents, il tenta de confronter la société ouest-allemande aux crimes perpétrés(...)

- Lire la suite

Les « archives juives », miroir du rapport des Juifs à l’Etat et à la Nation

Journée(s) d'étude - Mardi 19 juin 2018 - 09:15Dans le cadre de la thématique générale « Universalités et particularités en monde Juif » du programme « Judaïsmes Contemporains » du GSRL, nous souhaitons étudier les processus de constitution d’« archives juives » comme miroir du rapport des Juifs à l’Etat et à la Nation.Au cours des 19e et 20e siècles, la construction des Etats-nations modernes a accordé aux Juifs une place spécifique… ou pas ! S’ils ont été considérés en Europe, parfois comm(...)

- Lire la suite

ERHIMOR

EHESS-CRH

54 boulevard Raspail
75006 Paris


Tél. : +33 (0)1 49 54 24 42
ou : +33 (0)1 49 54 25 74
Fax : +33(0)1 49 54 23 99

Dernière modification :
18/04/2018